Thinking is most beautiful ability of human being. Human mind developed that ability during the course of evolution. How our decisions, policies, bias, judgements forms? We will find that today. No worries I will not use those Hard words which are complex to understanding. Using simple examples and images you will get to know that.
Let’s simply take example what is 2+2=? Instantly answer comes in your mind without thinking was 4 but now what about 97 + 19? Is it requiring some mental effort to calculate? The addition 2 + 2=4 was repeated much more times in our daily life that it requires no mental effort such a type of thinking is called as fast thinking or system 1 thinking. The system which requires mental effort is as system 2 Or slow thinking. This both systems require for our mind. Each thinking types has its own pros and cons.
These fast thinking and slow thinking are affected by various factors such as priming effect, various illusions. If you have recently heard the word WASH. You are temporarily more likely to complete the word fragment SO_P as a SOAP than as a SOUP. The opposite would happen if you heard the world EAT, we call this as priming effect. Here the idea of WASH primes the idea of SOAP and EAT primes SOUP. This has many forms we will explore those forms in another blog. Rightly we move further to how illusions affect our thinking.
Let’s go to simplify those illusions through examples. Not all illusions are visual, there are illusions of thought, which we call Cognitive illusions. A well-known visual example is shown here. I didn’t explain that illusion as I considered you already knows.
The word illusion brings visual illusions to mind, because we are all Familiar with pictures that mislead. But vision is not the only domain of Illusions; memory is also susceptible to them.
Consider the names Rahul Karande, Jagadish Mehta, Kiran Thapa which are not the celebrities. If you encounter any of them within the next few minutes you are likely to remember where you saw them. In some cases of truly famous people (or of celebrities in an area You follow), you have a mental file with rich information about a person— Think Albert Einstein, Bono, Hillary Clinton. But you will have no file of Information about Jagadish Mehta. If you encounter his name in a few days. All you have is a sense of familiarity—you have seen this name Somewhere. Jagadish Mehta will look more familiar when you see it because you will see it more clearly. Similarly, Words that you have seen before become easier to see. This is known as illusion of remembering.
Adolf Hitler was born in 1892.
Adolf Hitler was born in 1887.
Both are false (Hitler was born in 1889), but experiments have shown that the first is more likely to be believed. This is known as persuasive illusion.
Consider the following statements “New York is a large city in the United States.” “The moon revolves around Earth.” “A chicken has four legs.” In all these cases, you quickly retrieved a Great deal of related information. You knew soon after reading them that the first two statements are true and the last one is false. Note, however, that the statement “A chicken has Three legs” is more obviously false than “A chicken has four legs.” Your mind slows the judgment of the sentence by Delivering the fact that many animals have four legs. Its truth illusion.
Conclusively All our thoughts are based on our perspective, prejudices and illusion created between us. Our decisions are limits on the available information to you. It’s not necessary that every bold written statement always true. Jagadish Mehta is no more popular until your attention and familiarity comes there. There is no need of generalization of any animal with 4 legs as most of the animals have 4 legs.
Here's a question for you. In a pond, there is a patch of lily pads. Each day, the lily pads double in size. If it takes the lily pads 48 days to cover the whole pond, how many days does it take to cover half the pond? Comment below. We will explore judgements and above answer in our next blog. Look at the image below and think how we perceive information. We will get to know that in our next blog.
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For more insights read the book 'Thinking Fast and Slow' by Daniel Kahneman
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