Hello everyone, currently we facing an unprecedented situation of the COVID-19 pandemic. It has been a one-year-long situation and currently not having many improvements in our lives. and in this time I searched and did so many things; traveling blogs one of those searched history subjects in my Google window. I know this is time to talk about the vaccine, digital divide, technologies, migrant labor situation, and some hotly debated amendments issues like GNCT Delhi Act,2021 but I deliberately choose the topics “UNESCO world heritage sites in India”. everyone wants to travel, take some rest but I think most of us not known to such a boring and ignorant concept but I really want to disseminate such information which some extent important in our daily life.
First, we need to know about UNESCO international body which is created under the united- nations(UN) specifically to bring peace in an international and global community with educational, cultural, and sciences field. the full form of UNESCO is United Nations Educational, Scientific, Cultural Organisations headquartered in Paris(France)
Some objectives I want to envisage:
1)To help in achieving 17 goals and 169 targets of sustainable Development Goals(SDGs).which really appreciating efforts towards development in which present generation not compromising the future’s basic needs or resources for our own profits and some extent limits the capitalistic mentality.
2)Second is most important objective is to prevent and protect cultural and natural heritage and giving equality to a local or regional unique culture.
So there are some criteria to select the particular sites. there are types of sites preserved under two categories i.e., Natural and cultural sites. Actually, there is common sense that on what basis they chose a particular site as a world heritage?-Answer is on their unique characteristics, rareness, uniquely known for the particular habitat sites. yeah…. there is a detailed list of guidelines for this selection but there is no need to discuss many detailed characteristics. The only goal or motivation behind this writing is to give a brief intro to “True Traveller”.
True traveller in the sense that who really want to experience the journey not only from their perspective or owns beliefs of a window but also get the idea of some extent of historical culture and our base on which we evolved, to know the historical beliefs, views, values. when we know that this particular site is world heritage recognized then we will think more rather than visit superficial information. Of course, it depends on a particular individual interested or not? but why a particular person is not interested anymore? because he/she doesn’t know about a particular area? Frankly speaking, I am not interested in programming language because lack of knowledge and awareness but my peer group well interested. In nutshell, I think, being a traveller, you should know this kind of information; Whatever journey you traveling expensive or abroad or the remote site or natural site it doesn’t matter, you will only enjoy it.
So let’s see the sites in India which are recognized by UNESCO:
1) Ajanta Caves(Maharashtra)
2) Ellora Caves(Maharashtra)
3) Taj Mahal(Uttar Pradesh)
4 )Sun Temple, Konark (Odisha)
5) Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu(Pancha Ratha, Shore Temple, Arjuna’s Penance, Caves Temple)
6) Churches and Convents of Goa
7) Khajuraho Group of Monuments(Madhya Pradesh)
8) Fatehpur Sikri(Uttar Pradesh)
9) Group of Monuments at Hampi (Karnataka)
10) Elephanta Caves in Maharashtra
11) Group of Monuments at Pattadakal (Karnataka)
12) Great Chola Temples(Tamil Nadu)
13)Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi(Madhya Pradesh)
15)Qutub Minar and its Monuments(Delhi)
16)Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (WB)
17)Mahabodhi Temple Complex, Bodh Gaya(Bihar)
18)Rock shelter of Bhimbetka (Madhya Pradesh)
19)Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus or Victoria Terminus, Mumbai(Maharashtra)
20)Champaner –Pavagadh Archaeological Park(Gujarat)
21)Nilgiri Mountain Railways
22)Red Fort Complex(Delhi)
24)Jantar Mantar, Jaipur(Rajasthan) (not in Delhi)
25)Six Hill Forts of Rajasthan- Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambore, Amber, Jaisalmer, Gagron.
26)Rani ki Vav, Gujarat
27)The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier(Capital Complex, Chandigarh)
28)The Architectural Site of Nalanda Mahavira (Bihar)
29)Historic City of Ahmedabad
30)Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai
31)Jaipur City, Rajasthan
There are some natural sites which include national parks and sanctuaries:
1)Manas Wildlife Sanctuary(Assam)
2)Kaziranga National Park(Assam)
3)Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan
4)Sundarban National Park(West Bengal)
5)Nanda Devi National Park and valley of flowers(Uttarakhand)
6) Western Ghats
7)Great Himalayan national park(Himachal Pradesh)
8)Khangchendzonga national park(Sikkim)
Off-course you seem boring to get each and every technicality of name and states because you haven’t visited yet. some places which you visited in past or recently u will be seeing interested or you will be thinking about those places. some of you constantly thinking that why we appreciate the recognized status of UNESCO? The answer for them – its benefits to that particular site because this particular site brings attention to international and national communities which really encourage tourism in that area. And also UNESCO provided funds to protect particular sites which is a really good thing to explore our unique culture worldwide.
So, wrap on this subject with best wishes to your journey, Be that traveller who wants to explore the interesting and informative facts about that spot or places rather than merely being just that kind of traveller who only visit one place to another without the feeling of kindness, connectivity and curiosity towards that particular natural and cultural sites.
Indian Art and Culture by Nitin Singhania
UNESCO official website
- Amruta Khade